Urdu is one of the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. Apart from that, communities all around the world speak it. In total nearly four million folks, speak the Urdu language.
Several factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The four most important of all of the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Army who belonged to completely different nations. The word ‘Urdu’ itself means’Military’.To speak with each other fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
Nevertheless, very soon the language reached to the Royal courts. Actually, the language was simpler than the Persian language. So the Royals also liked it. In these times, speaking Urdu became one of the trendiest things. Soon the Hindu population too started to speak it, by together with many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu through poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent have been very interested within the poetry. Amir Khusro was the primary man who tried Urdu poetry in the thirteenth century. It was an enormous success. Nonetheless, for an additional century no one prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. In the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a serious enhance to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in each way. They used to hold Mushairas of their courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Aside from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu by way of prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu short story or novel didn’t change into a trend. The major reason is that the Royals have been never interested in the reading. However, after the decline of Mughals and in the era of the British, a very intelligent man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the man was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the fact that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel grew to become a huge success. Even right this moment the novel is common and in demand. In reality, Deputy Nazir Ahmed can be called the first and essentially the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu via journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. However, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. In truth, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. In order that they started monthly, bimonthly, and weekly digest with give attention to the present affairs and political satires.
These magazines additionally had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the many Muslims and the Hindus both. It’s wantless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed quite a bit to the mental awakening of the individuals of the subcontinent.
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